According to an expert, the construction of medium-density housing could help to mitigate the effects of population growth in Australian cities.
Australia's population continues to grow at a rapid rate, which spurs the need for solutions that can make cities more sustainable, said Mike Day, founder and director of RobertsDay.
Figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics show how quickly the population is increasing: in 1988, it projected a population of 25 million in 2050. Day said Australia has already surpassed this level.
"Australia reached this estimate 30 years earlier. ABS now predicts a population of 30 million by 2030," said Day.
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At this rate, Day said that Australia will have to house around 16.8 million additional residents over the next 40 years.
"It's the equivalent of a new city the size of Canberra every year for the next 40 years, or a city the size of Darwin every 12 weeks. "said Day.
Day said it is crucial for governments and urban planners to build sustainable cities that will not only maintain the standard of living and health of Australians, but will also provide local jobs, save money. water, create safe streets and make housing accessible.
Need for medium density housing
One of Day's suggestions is to build medium density homes.
"This will bring multiple benefits to residents. Row houses and courtyard homes, with their turf-free outdoor spaces, will result in a significant reduction in water consumption," he said.
And unlike apartment complexes, townhouses and terraces offer individual street facades, which, according to Day, would allow residents to feel more connected to their neighborhood.
In addition, owners who design their townhouses like the terrace models seen in Sydney, Melbourne, Vancouver, Seattle and Toronto, will be able to capitalize on their properties by building 40 m² apartments above their garages.
It is also important to design communities of townhouses suitable for walking and cycling. Day said this can be done by creating small streets in the back that can provide access to garages.
"This minimizes garages and walkways to the front of the properties, allowing for continuous walking and cycling along tree-lined street façades. This will improve safety and the quality of life for pedestrians and cyclists, "he said.
This transition to townhouses actually occurs in the main residential market, according to a separate study by Knight Frank.
Michelle Ciesielski, head of residential research at Knight Frank, dubbed the trend "resizing," which draws on a wide range of demographics, including retirees and growing families.
However, supply remains a challenge, given the lack of approvals for medium density housing options across the country.
The location of new cities between Sydney and Melbourne will also help to address concerns over population growth.
"For example, eight could be built along the government's planned high-speed rail service from Sydney to Melbourne. Connecting the two cities offers an opportunity to promote the" twin cities "of Melbourne and Sydney, considered by many to be the most pleasant and pleasant cities in the world, "he said.
However, it is crucial to build urban cities from scratch. Day says cities must be medium to high density initially and should be linked to each other by sustainable modes of transportation and provide local jobs.
"A model of an urban city for rapid and versatile mixed use is advocated with the federal and state governments by Consolidated Land and Rail Australia (CLARA), which offers solutions to rebalance the existing regulation in Australia and offer new ways. to plan and build liveable, sustainable and connected cities, transport and infrastructure, "said Day.
Part of the construction of new cities ensures the decentralization of jobs. Day said Sydney and Melbourne will ultimately benefit from new mixed-use outer suburban urban centers that will be installed in new cities.
"Any new city that we build will require multiple mixed-use urban centers in the outer suburbs with mixed-use retail, commercial, and residential areas based on mass transit, compact, and within walking distance. pressure on transportation systems and roads, "he said.